Here’s a really good article about different technology philosophies.

In short, there are platforms and aggregators. The former essentially serve to empower, and the latter seek to become powerful in their own right.

Both have situations where they are more effective, but overall, the aggregators are more dangerous, from the way they typically run on hype & ads, to the way they enclose & monopolize, and perhaps most-importantly because they can begin to function effectively like nation-states within their expanding domains.